Japan and Denmark exchanged diplomatic missions on a reciprocal basis after conclusion of the "Treaty of Friendship, Commerce and Navigation between Japan and Denmark " in 1867. Both countries have since then enjoyed a friendly relationship for more than a century. Both countries have close ties not only in the economic and trade fields, but also in the cultural and academic areas, and their friendship is growing at a steady pace.
The contacts between Japan's Imperial Family and the Danish Royal Family also have a significant role to play for the two countries' friendship. The first official visit of Their Majesties the Emperor and Empress to Denmark was realized in 1998 (31 May – 4 June), and Her Majesty the Queen and His Royal Highness Prince Consort of the Kingdom of Denmark paid the second state visit to Japan in November, 2004 since the first state visit in May 1980.
In 2004 H.I.H. the Crown Prince of Japan visited Denmark to attend the royal wedding of H.R.H. the Crown Prince and H.R.H. the Crown Princess.
In 2005 H.R.H. the Crown Prince and H.R.H. the Crown Princess visited Japan to attend Aichi Expo.
In June 2011 after the Great East Japan Earthquake H.R.H. Crown Prince Frederik visited Higashimatsushima city in Miyagi prefecture suffered from the earth quake and tsunami to express sympathy. In October 2011 H.R.H. Prince Joachim and H.R.H. Princess Marie visited Japan and had an audience with Their Majesties Emperor and Empress.
Relations between Japan and Denmark have long been friendly, and exchanges take place in a wide variety of fields involving both government and private organizations. Political dialogue is consolidated by mutual visits at the highest level, such as the visit to Denmark of Prime Minister Koizumi in 2002 and the visit to Japan of Prime Minister Anders Fogh Rasmussen in 2002 and 2006. Both countries consider it important to strengthen the bilateral relations through political dialogue at many different levels. In 2009, October and December, Prime Minister Hatoyama has met with Prime Minister Lars Løkke Rasmussen on the occasions of IOC Congress and UN Climate Conference COP15 respectively in Copenhagen. In 2010 March, Prime Minister Lars Løkke Rasmussen has visited JAPAN and met with Prime Minister Hatoyama to discuss the bilateral relations in business, science and technology fields.
In October 2012 Foreign minister Mr. Villy Søvndal visited Japan, and had a bilateral meeting with Japanese Foreign Minister Koichiro Genba. He also visited Higashimatsushima city to express sympathy for the suffered.
In 2013 the two countries have enjoyed frequent high-level exchanges. At the ministerial level, Minister for Reconstruction Mr. Takumi Nemoto, Minister in charge of Economic Revitalization Mr. Akira Amari and Minister for Internal Affairs and Communications Mr. Yoshitaka Shindo visited Denmark, and Minister for Food, Agriculture and Fisheries Ms. Karen Hækkerup visited Japan. In 2014 Minister for Transportation Ms. Pia Olsen Dyhr visited Japan.
1998 Their Majesties The Emperor and The Empress
2002 Finance Minister, Mr. Masajuro Shiokawa
2002 Senior Vice Minister of Economy, Trade and Industry Mr. Keiji Furuya
2002 Vice Minister for Foreign Affairs Mr. Masahiro Imamura
2002 Prime Minister Mr. Junichiro Koizumi
2003 Minister of Enviroment Mrs. Yuriko Koike
2004 His Imperial Highness the Crown Prince
2005 Vice Minister for Foreign Affairs Mr. Shintaro Ito
2005 Vice-Speaker of the House of Representatives Mr. Takahiro Yokomichi
2009 Prime Minister Mr. Yukio Hatoyama
2009 Minister of Environment Mr. Sakihito Ozawa
2009 Vice Minister of Environment Mr. Nobumori Otani
2009 Vice Minister of Minister of Economy, Trade and Industry Mr. Teruhiko Mashiko
2009 Vice Minister of Foreign Affairs Mr. Yasutoshi Nishimura
2010 Vice Minister for Agriculture and Fishery Ms. Yasue Funayama
2010 Vice-Speaker of the House of Representatives Mr. Seishiro Eto
2011 Vice Minister for Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology Mr. Hirofumi Ryu
2012 Parliamentary Vice Minister for Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism Mr. Kunihiko Muroi
2012 Fomer Prime Minister Mr. Naoto Kan
2013 Parliamentary Senior Vice-Minister Mr. Masaji Matsuyama
2013 State Minister of Economy, Trade and Industry Mr. Kazuyoshi Akaba
2013 Speical advisor to the Prime Minister Mr. Seiichi Eto
2013 Minister for Reconstruction, Mr. Takumi Nemoto
2013 Minister in Charge of Economic Revitalization Mr. Akira Amari
2013 Minister for Internal Affairs and Communications Mr. Yoshitaka Shindo
2001 Speaker of the Folketinget Mr. Ivar Hansen
2001 Her Highness Princess Elizabeth
2001 Minister for Ecclesiastical Affairs Mrs. Tove Færgo
2002 Prime Minister Mr. Anders Fogh Rasmussen
2003 Minister of Refugee, Immigration and Integration Affairs Mr. Bertel Haarder
2003 Minister for the Environment Mr. Hans Christian Schmidt
2004 Her Majesty the Queen and His Royal Highness Prince Consort
2004 Minister for Foreign Affairs Dr. Per Stig Møller
2005 Their Royal Highness The Crown Prince and The Crown Princess
2005 Minister of Economic and Business Affairs Mr Bendt Bendtsen
2006 Prime Minister Anders Fogh Rasmussen
2009 Minister for Climate Change Ms. Connie Hedegaard
2010 Prime Minster Lars Løkke Rasmussen
2010 Minister for the Environment Ms. Karen Ellemann
2012 Minister for Trade and Investment Ms. Pia Olsen Dyhr
2012 Minister for Development Cooperation Mr. Christian Friis Bach
2012 Minister for Foreign Affairs Mr.Villy Søvndal
2012 Minister for Climate, Energy and Building Mr. Martin Lidegaard
2013 Minister for Food, Agriculture and Fisheries Ms. Karen Hækkerup
2014 Minister for Transportation Ms. Pia Olsen Dyhr
2014 Prime Minister Helle Thorning-Schmidt